Pastor Zip's Anglican Web Links
Pr. Zip's Christian Links
| Pr. Zip's Lutheran Links

American Lutheran/Anglican Links | International Anglican Links | International Lutheran/Anglican Links

"Anglican" churches are those whose heritage is the Church of England. Part of the western Catholic Church, the Church of England's reformation began during the reign of King Henry VIII (reigned 1509-1547). Initially a political act to perpetuate the Tudor dynasty, and not a theological reformation (under Henry traditional Catholic doctrines were re-affirmed), the CofE quickly began to be influenced by the reformers in Europe. At first Lutherans were an infuence, though the Augsburg Confession was not adopted.

By the revision of the Book of Common Prayer during the reign of King Edward VI (1547-1553), Calvinism had supplanted the Lutheran theological influence — though it would be not be until the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1558-1603) and, finally, the establishment of the Hanoverian dynasty (which began with the crowning of King George I — a German Lutheran! — as King in 1714) that religious and political peace would be settled in England. Catholic practices and theology (which had never completely disappeared) began to be reasserted in the mid-19th Century. The changing political relations between the nations and colonies of United Kingdom led to the institutional independence of the "Church of England" in those lands, and the formation of a loose Anglican Communion.

North American Anglicans

The Episcopal Church
A church of the Anglican Communion in the United States and related dioceses in Taiwan, Central and South America, the Caribbean and Europe. Anglicans from the 13 English colonies of eastern North America formed the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States (PECUSA) in 1789, after the colonies had severed their political ties with England in the American Revolution. The first American Bishop was consecrated in Scotland in 1784, as until 1786 English Bishops swore allegiance to the King as "Supreme Governor" of the established Church of England, whereas the established church in Scotland was Presbyterian, and not the Scottish Episcopal Church. The word "Protestant" was often not used when speaking of the church and, especially after the adoption of the 1979 Book of Common Prayer, it was usually referred to as the "ECUSA" until the 2006 General Convention, when "TEC" (for "the Episcopal Church") began to be used as the preferred abbreviation.
The Diocese of Quincy
The Episcopal diocese headquartered here in Peoria, Illinois, and shepherded by the 8th Bishop of Quincy, +Keith L. Ackerman, SSC. This Diocese is has a very strong traditionalist, Anglo Catholic identity and is part of the Anglican Communion Network and the Common Cause Partnership.
Neighboring Anglican Parishes in the Peoria area.
From a larger listing of local Christian congregations with whom Zion (the Lutheran congregation served by Pastor Zip) has relationships.

The Anglican Church of Canada
The settlement of British Canada brought with it the Church of England, the first chaplain of the Hudson's Bay Company coming from England in 1683. The first CofE Bishop outside of Great Britain was instituted in 1787 for the new Diocese of Nova Scotia, but the church remained synonymous with the CofE, which was the established church for most of the British Canadian colonies from 1791 into the 1850s. Self-government for Canadian Anglicans, which had begun in the 1830s, became official when the Privy Council declared Anglican churches throughout the British Empire self-governing in 1861. The Church of England in the Dominion of Canada would not have its first General Synod (convention) until 1893 and was renamed the Anglican Church in Canada only in 1955.

The Continuing Church, Independent Anglicans, and "Anglican Realignment"
Theological disagreements (most particularly the introduction of women priests within the ECUSA and ACC and the revision of the Book of Common Prayer in the 1970s) led to the breaking of communion and the formation of new Continuing Anglican denominations which retain (or "continue") traditional doctrines and forms. The acceptance of homosexual priests and same-sex unions in several dioceses, along with the consecration of a gay bishop in an ECUSA diocese, has further upset the relationships between Anglicans in the USA, Canada, and internationally. It would be an understatement to note that matters are currently in considerable flux. For now, Pastor Zip will leave the organizing of appropriate web links to others.

Top of Page | American Lutheran/Anglican | International Anglicans | International Lutheran/Anglican | Pastor Zip's Christian Links

Anglican-Lutheran Agreements in North America
Because of the English Channel, Anglicans and European Lutherans rarely had contact. So while developing differences in emphases, Anglicans and Lutherans have never issued theological condemnations against each other. In the USA, it is as much an accident of political history and immigration patterns that has caused the Lutheran and Episcopal churches to remain separated. While an "Interim Eucharistic Sharing" agreement was reached in 1982, only in the year 2000 was full communion established between Lutherans and Episcopalians in the USA.

The Concordat of Agreement
This agreement for full communion between the ECUSA and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America was approved by the ECUSA Convention in July 1997, but was narrowly defeated (6 votes shy of a required 2/3rds majority) at the ELCA's Churchwide Assembly the next month. The next day that Assembly nearly unanimously declared that full communion remained a goal and asked for a "better" agreement to be presented to the 1999 Churchwide Assembly.
Called to Common Mission
is that "better" agreement. A revision of the Concordat of Agreement (above) and still highly controversial within sectors of the ELCA, CCM was approved at the 1999 ELCA Churchwide Assembly and the 2000 ECUSA Convention. A by-law approved at the 2001 ELCA Churchwide Assembly reveals all is not well with this agreement in the ELCA. These are the ECUSA documents on CCM.

Called to Full Communion
Also called The Waterloo Declaration, this established full communion between the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada and the Anglican Church of Canada.
Top of Page
| American Lutheran/Anglican | International Anglicans | International Lutheran/Anglican | Pastor Zip's Christian Links

International Anglican Links

The Anglican Communion
A world-wide communion of churches "linked by affection and common loyalty" which are in communion with the See of Canturbury, and thus the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Revd. Rowan Williams.
The Church Of England
The "mother church" of the world-wide Anglican Communion.
Top of Page
| American Lutheran/Anglican | International Anglicans | International Lutheran/Anglican | Pastor Zip's Christian Links

International Lutheran-Anglican Agreements

The Porvoo Communion
Formal theological conversations between Nordic and Baltic Lutherans and Anglicans in Britain and Ireland began in 1909. In 1992 representatives of 12 Churches issued the Porvoo Common Statement, concluding with an acknowledgement of a common confession of faith and a committment to sharing "a common life in mission and service." In 1994-95 ten of the Churches formally agreed to the Common Statement, moving "into visible communion" with each other.
The Meissen Agreement
declared in 1991 a "communion already shared" between the Church of England and the Evangelical Church in Germany (which is both Lutheran and Reformed), though they are not yet at "full visible unity."
The Reuilly Declaration
The Anglican Churches of Britain and Ireland joined in 2001 with the Lutheran and Reformed churches in France for this declaration of communion.

Top of Page | American Lutheran/Anglican | International Anglicans | International Lutheran/Anglican | Pastor Zip's Christian Links

Return to Pastor Zip's Christian Links Page

Pr. Steven Paul Tibbetts, STS
Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church
1534 S. Easton Avenue
Peoria, IL 61605-3407
(309) 637-9150

Copyright © 1996-2009 Steven P. Tibbetts. All rights reserved
Pastor Zip's Christian Web Links created — 2 December 1996
Pastor Zip's Anglican Web Links branched — 26 May 2003
Last Revised — 9 July 2009